In your academic life, you must have come across research paper writing at least once. You must know that a research paper has many elements that need to compose appropriately.
The general elements of a research paper are the title page, abstract, literature review, introduction, methods, results, etc. All of these components of a research paper are equally important.
In this blog, you will learn about one of the essential elements of the research paper: ‘abstract.’ An abstract is highly responsible for explaining a research paper as it is one of the aspects mentioned at the beginning of a research paper.
Let us see how to write an abstract for any kind of research paper.
A research paper is a major type of college essay. It has different elements, and all are very important. An abstract is one of the initial parts of a research paper. It usually comprises 150 to 250 words and provides the reader with an overview of the research paper.
It may be an overview or in the form of a short report for your paper. An abstract should be expressive and logical enough to explain the key points of the research paper.
In the abstract, the writer also highlights the implications and applications of the research discussed in the paper. In short, an abstract is a concise summary of the entire research paper.
In general, an abstract aims to describe the paper rather than evaluating the paper.
You should know that there are different types of abstracts. Every kind of abstract is written according to the requirements of a research paper. If a writer uses the right type of abstract, it will be easier for the reader to understand the concept.
Significant types of abstract are mentioned below:
When it comes to any writing process, proofreading and editing are a must thing to do. No writing process is complete without the final and detailed proofreading. Proofreading is a simple process that is performed to pick out small grammatical and spelling mistakes.
When you have written the abstract, read it at least more than once to make sure that you have not left any mistakes behind. Most of the students think of this process as unnecessary and a total waste of time. This is where they make the biggest mistake and put all their efforts at stake.
Small spelling mistakes can make your research paper low quality and lead you to get the lowest grades. This is why it is better not to go through such a situation and proofread the paper properly before the final submission.
The abstract should begin with a brief but precise statement of the problem. The problem statement should be followed by a description of the research methodology and design. The following parts after the problem statement should also include significant findings and the conclusion that the fundamental research has drawn.
Make sure that you, as a writer, use the most vivid language to write the abstract as you have to explain to the reader the method, content, and significant elements of your research. By reading just the abstract, the reader analyses the quality of your essay and decides whether they will be reading the complete research paper or not.
All the research elements that are discussed in the abstract are not described in more than two lines. Since the abstract is not very extensive, we do not drag it out of proportion.
To help you write a good abstract, we have picked out some helpful tips for you. In these tips, we have mentioned the main elements that you must include in your abstract. We hope that these tips will help you create a well-structured abstract.
Identifying and highlighting the purpose of the research paper is important not just for the readers but also for you. No matter what topic your research paper has, you must have a strong reason for working on that topic specifically.
When you know your research’s reason and purpose, you would also justify things to potential readers.
Specifically, to write an abstract, a writer must know the purpose of the research as an abstract starts with the statement in which the research purpose is stated. Being the writer, you should start writing the abstract by explaining why people should consider your study. Also, highlight your research’s significance and scope in the abstract and state what you expect to achieve from it.
Answer the following research question while writing the abstract part.
Remember, an abstract serves as the essence of your essay. It is essential to write it carefully.
Stating the problem statement means that your research is addressing a missing component of previous research. Writing the problem statement is just like handling a missing piece of the puzzle that you will be trying to find and fill in the gap.
While you are working on your research problem statement, there are a few essential things that you should consider. Those essential elements are as follows:
Once you have stated the purpose of your research, the next step is to mention the research methods you have used. While citing the methodologies, you also include how you have executed the research and how you progressed each step.
If you have taken references from previously done researches, mention them in this part. In case you have used any specific models for analysis, they also need to be discussed here.
Make sure to mention the following elements in this section:
Once you have stated the purpose, methodology, and scope of your research, you should move towards summarizing. In this section, you need to provide an overview of the outcome of your study.
While writing the summary in the abstract, use expressive and vivid words to explain your context to the reader. Make sure that you use some quantitative terms.
Include the following elements in this part.
The conclusion is the last part of the abstract of your research paper. In this section, you need to state the implications and limitations of your research study. Make sure that you write this part to be closely connected to the rest of the body of your paper.
While concluding the abstract, make sure that you answer the following questions:
These were all the compulsory elements of an abstract. That must be added to make an abstract impactful and appropriate.
Examples help to understand things in a better way. They not just help in merely understanding but also speed up the process.
Before you write the research paper or the abstract, make sure that you read some examples carefully.
Below mentioned are some well-written examples of abstracts.
Undergraduate students are also assigned to research paper writing assignments in which they have to write abstracts for the paper. Following is an example of an abstract written for an undergrad research paper.
Now you know what an abstract is and how to write it. Also, you know the types of abstracts. Having all this information will be your guide for writing the first draft of your research paper.
The first draft is not the draft you would be adding in the final submission. This draft is revised multiple times. This is why it is straightforward to write down all the thoughts that come across in your mind. When writing the first draft of the abstract, keep the following things in mind.
However, avoid adding the following elements in the abstract.
Try to keep the abstract as concise as possible. Make sure that you remove everything that is dragging the abstract.
Abstract writing is a technical thing to do. Many students can not write it correctly or are not confident enough to write an abstract themself.
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Frequently Asked Questions
The five parts of an abstract are:
An abstract should be six sentences long.
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