In simple language, an argument is an exchange of heated words. But in logical terms, an argument is a series of statements or facts that lead to a conclusion and attempts to support a particular point of view or idea. This conclusion is drafted after justifying the statements with logical reasoning that lead to a conclusion.
No matter which writing type you are drafting an argument for, it is essential to give it a structure and meaning in order to make sure that the content is strong. Only a well-constructed argument will allow you to provide logical reasoning making your essays and papers stand firm.
Especially when drafting an argumentative document, the arguments need to be substantial. This article is written to discuss the main strategies and types of arguments.
Continue reading to learn different types of arguments and their usage in your essays and papers.
Arguments are a technique to persuade the audience on your viewpoint, and they can take many forms. There are three basic structures or types of arguments that you will encounter while drafting assignments for your academics.
The following are the types of arguments:
Each of these argument types serves a different purpose. It is important to identify the rhetorical situation in order to select the right argument type for your document. In simple words, the writer has to figure out what is going to best work for the audience in relation to the topic and its problem.
We shall now discuss each type in detail.
The classical or Aristotelian argument is a form of argument developed by the Greek philosopher, Aristotle. According to this argument type, the writer aims to persuade or convince the readers about something.
The goal is to convince the audience using strategies about a certain side of the issue. The classical argument uses ethos, pathos, and logos in the most persuasive way possible.
If you are drafting an essay using the classical argument, use the following format to structure your essay.
The purpose of this is to first let the audience know what the main claim is and then provide reasoning to support it.
Classical Argument Example (PDF)
A Rogerian argument is an argument type that focuses on finding a middle ground between the audience and the writer. In many situations, the audience doesn’t fully agree with the writer’s argument.
When the writer realizes that the audience is difficult, he attempts to find a middle ground developing a win-win situation for both the audience and himself. This argument time is extremely convincing and helps the writer understand his own biases.
The Rogerian argument strategy structures your document in the following way:
Rogerian Argument Example (PDF)
A Toulmin argument is a structure developed by Stephen Toulmin to analyze arguments. This argument type is used when there are no clear or absolute solutions to the issues and problems. It takes into account the complexity of the situations.
According to the Toulmin method, there are six elements to analyze and present the argument:
Toulmin argument Example (PDF)
Having a strong argument and good supporting information is worthless if the argument is not structured. When drafting a formal document, it is essential to shape your statement to make it effective.
The following are the professional steps used in structuring an argument:
Coming up with a fair and structured argument can be a challenge. If your analyzing and persuading skills are not healthy, drafting an argumentative or persuasive essay can be daunting.
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