Detailed steps to write a perfect dissertation

When you come to a point to write a college essay, thesis or dissertation, you are almost near the end of your education journey. The dissertation helps you to showcase your capacity and skills to research in your chosen field and presents results that will provide value for the scientific and academic community.

Let’s start with the definition of the dissertation. The dissertation is a final project that students of Ph.D. or undergraduate submit before getting their degree. This guide will help both Ph.D. and undergraduate students who are working on their dissertation projects and well as students writing their master’s thesis.

Most of the students start with great motivation and enthusiasm, but soon they become despair as the research process is very challenging and complex. Therefore, they often end up hiring a professional essay writing service to get done with this task.


One of the main purposes of adding background information is to let readers know the context and focus of your study. The readers need to know why your research is significant. You can do this by providing a research gap and the issue that needs to be addressed. Remember! the background information should not be more than two pages.

The research focus

The focus of your research provides information about the rationale of the study. Keep in mind your research focus should link to the background information. The research focus leads to study objectives, aims, and values. Instead of just considering the main focus of your research, explain why research in this area is important.

The next step is to include the research aims and objectives. Objectives are usually developed at the proposal stage so putting in the dissertation introduction is important for clarity and organization. The objectives are mainly written in bullet points and must be identifiable and clear. There are few things which you should remember while writing objectives.

  • Appropriateness: Your research objectives should relate to your study topic.
  • Distinctness: Your research objective should focus on achieving the overall aim of the research.
  • Clarity: Each research objective should avoid ambiguity
  • Achievable: Each Objective should be realistic and must be completed within a required time.
  • Start each objective with a keyword (e.g. assess, examine, determine, evaluate, investigate)
  • Keep your objective to a maximum 5 to demonstrate a logical and clear position that exudes competence.


It’s okay to assume that because the introduction and abstracts are the first part to be read by people, it means that they should be written at first. But it’s not true. It is much better to write your dissertation abstract, introduction, and conclusion after you have completed other parts of your dissertation.

But why?

Writing retrospectively means that both the introduction and conclusion will match and your ideas can be connected nicely. Secondly, it will save you time. If you write your introduction before other sections, then most probably your ideas will morph and evolve as your dissertation progresses and you will have to edit or rewrite your introduction again. Thirdly, it ensures that your abstract contains all the important information necessary for readers to have a clear picture of the work you have done. As a general rule, the introduction of your dissertation should include the following points.

  • Provide background information that clear the focus of your study
  • Include your research aim and objectives.
  • Specify the significance of your research study

Regarding the length of your introduction, there is no specific rule but it should be between 6-7% of the length of total dissertation. You should include a subsection with proper heading and citations.

Literature review

Before you start your research, conduct literature reviews to have an understanding of the already published work on a particular topic. Critically analyze and evaluate each source and make a connection between them to come to a final point. If you are thinking that someone else expert in research can do my paper and literature review. It’s still ok. The expert writers will summarize the existing studies that will help you to form a coherent argument or structure that leads to the justification of your research study.


This section mainly describes how you have carried out your research and allows your readers to assess the validity. In this section, you should include:

  • The type of research and overall approach (quantitative, qualitative, and ethnographic)
  • Your data collection method (e.g. surveys, interviews, etc.)
  • Method of data analysis (e.g. discourse analysis or statistical analysis)
  • Materials and tools you used (e.g. lab equipment, a computer program)
  • A justification or evaluation of your methods


In this section, report your results and structure this section around the topic, hypothesis, and research questions. Only report findings that are relevant to your research question and objectives. To make your result section more appropriate, including tables and figures to best present your data. In qualitative research design, the presentation of data is mainly woven together with the discussion section. On the other hand, in quantitative research, the results are presented in a separate section followed by a discussion section.


This is a section in which you find the meaning and implication of your results related to your research questions. To get a better idea of how to write a good discussion, you should read a discussion of different papers written by an essay writer and then interpret your results in detail and discuss any limitations that can influence your results.


Remember! Your conclusion should be organized and cohesive. Your conclusion section should answer your main research question, and provide a clear understanding of your central argument. You should wrap up your dissertation with a reflection of what and how you did it. You can also add your recommendations for further research.

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